OpenWRT: Build Firmware Raspberry Pi

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Siapkan Aplikasi Pendukung

sudo su
apt-get update
apt-get install subversion gawk flex sharutils bison libz-dev zlib1g-dev patch \
fakeroot lzma git-core build-essential unzip libncurses5-dev curl php-xml-parser \
libexpat1 libexpat1-dev libssl-dev libdaemon*
cd /usr/local/src
wget http://www.cpan.org/modules/by-module/XML/XML-Parser-2.44.tar.gz
tar zxvf XML-Parser-2.44.tar.gz
cd /usr/local/src/XML-Parser-2.44
perl Makefile.PL
make install


Compile Menggunakan Development Trunk

Development Trunk tampaknya paling RECOMMENDED

Lakukan sebagai user biasa

git clone git://git.openwrt.org/openwrt.git
cd openwrt
./scripts/feeds update
./scripts/feeds install meshwizard openssh-server openssh-client
./scripts/feeds install freifunk-common freifunk-gwcheck freifunk-mapupdate
./scripts/feeds install luci luci-app-meshwizard luci-app-olsr luci-app-olsr-services
./scripts/feeds install luci-app-olsr-viz luci-app-freifunk-policyrouting luci-mod-freifunk
./scripts/feeds install luci-theme-freifunk-generic olsrd olsrd-mod-txtinfo olsrd-mod-dyn-gw
./scripts/feeds install olsrd-mod-dyn-gw-plain olsrd-mod-dot-draw
./scripts/feeds install olsrd-mod-arprefresh olsrd-mod-watchdog olsrd-mod-tas olsrd-mod-httpinfo
./scripts/feeds install olsrd-mod-pgraph olsrd-mod-secure olsrd-mod-bmf
./scripts/feeds install luci-app-upnp minidlna miniupnpc miniupnpd luci-app-minidlna
./scripts/feeds install libdlna libgupnp libgupnp-dlna rtorrent
./scripts/feeds install usb-modeswitch usb-modeswitch-data usbutils multiwan
./scripts/feeds install 6in4 6rd 4th 6to4 6tunnel libdaemon aprx usb-modeswitch
./scripts/feeds install pptpd ppp-mod-pptp smstools3 picocom
./scripts/feeds install kamailio4 kamailio asterisk18 asterisk11 coova-chilli
./scripts/feeds update -a
./scripts/feeds install -a
make clean
make defconfig
make menuconfig
make world

Hasilnya akan tersimpan di

~/openwrt.trunk/trunk/bin/brcm2708

Konfigurasi Default

Konfigurasi untuk RaspberryPi

Target System (Broadcom BCM2708/BCM2835)
Target Profile (RaspberryPi)  ---> 
Target Images  --->
      [*] ext4 (NEW)
      [*] GZip images (NEW)
      (100) Boot (SD Card) filesystem partition size (in MB)
      (4000) Root filesystem partition size (in MB)
      [*] Include kernel in root filesystem  --->
            [*]   include uImage (NEW)
            [*]   include zImage
            [*]   include FIT (NEW)
Administration  --->
      <*> asterisk11-gui
Kernel modules  --->
      USB Support  --->
            -*- kmod-usb-core
            <*> kmod-usb-hid
            <*> kmod-usb-printer
            <*> kmod-usb-serial
            <*>   kmod-usb-serial-ark3116
            <*>   kmod-usb-serial-belkin
            <*>   kmod-usb-serial-ch341
            <*>   kmod-usb-serial-cp210
            <*>   kmod-usb-serial-cypress-m8
            <*>   kmod-usb-serial-dmx_usb_module
            <*>   kmod-usb-serial-ftdi
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-gadget
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-ipw
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-keyspan
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-mct
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-mos7720
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-motorola-phone
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-option
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-oti6858
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-pl2303
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-qualcomm
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-sierrawireless
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-ti-usb
            <*> kmod-usb-serial-visor
            -*- kmod-usb-serial-wwan
            -*- kmod-usb-storage
            <*> kmod-usb-storage-extras
            <*> kmod-usb2
            <*> kmod-usb3
            <*> kmod-usbmon
      Wireless Drivers  --->
            -*- kmod-ath
            -*- kmod-ath9k
            <*> kmod-ath9k-htc
            <*> kmod-brcmfmac
            -*- kmod-brcmutil
            <*> kmod-carl9170
            -*- kmod-cfg80211
            -*- kmod-lib80211
            <*> kmod-libertas-sd
            <*> kmod-libertas-usb
            -*- kmod-mac80211
            <*> kmod-mac80211-hwsim
            <*> kmod-net-rtl8188eu
            <*> kmod-net-zd1201
            -*- kmod-p54-common
            <*> kmod-p54-usb
            <*> kmod-rt2500-usb
            <*> kmod-rt2800-usb
            -*- kmod-rt2x00-lib
            <*> kmod-rt73-usb
            <*> kmod-rtl8187
            <*> kmod-rtl8192cu
            <*> kmod-zd1211rw
Network  --->
      Telephony  --->
            -*- asterisk11
            <*> sipp
            <*> sipsak
      -*- ahcpd
      -*- chat
      <*> hostapd
      -*- hostapd-common
      <*> hostapd-mini
      <*> hostapd-utils
      -*- iw
      <*> odhcp6c
      <*> odhcpd
      <*> ppp
      <*>   ppp-mod-pppoe
      -*- samba36-server
      -*- wshaper
      <*> wwan
LuCI  --->
      1. Collections  --->
            -*- luci
            <*> luci-ssl
      2. Modules  --->
            -*- luci-base
            -*- luci-mod-admin-full
            <*> luci-mod-failsafe
            <*> luci-mod-freifunk
            <*> luci-mod-freifunk-community
            <*> luci-mod-rpc
      3. Applications  --->
            <*> luci-app-ahcp
            <*> luci-app-asterisk
            <*> luci-app-commands
            <*> luci-app-ddns
            -*- luci-app-firewall
            <*> luci-app-freifunk-diagnostics
            <*> luci-app-freifunk-policyrouting
            <*> luci-app-multiwan
            <*> luci-app-mwan3
            -*- luci-app-olsr
            -*- luci-app-olsr-services
            <*> luci-app-olsr-viz
            <*> luci-app-radvd
            <*> luci-app-samba
            -*- luci-app-splash
            <*> luci-app-statistics
            <*> luci-app-upnp
            <*> luci-app-wshaper
      4. Themes  --->
            -*- luci-theme-bootstrap
            <*> luci-theme-freifunk-bno
            <*> luci-theme-freifunk-generic
            <*> luci-theme-openwrt
      5. Protocols  --->
            <*> luci-proto-3g
            <*> luci-proto-ipv6
            -*- luci-proto-ppp
      6. Libraries  --->
      9. Freifunk  --->
            -*- freifunk-common
            <*>   community-profiles
            -*- freifunk-firewall
            -*- freifunk-gwcheck
            -*- freifunk-mapupdate
            -*- freifunk-policyrouting
            -*- freifunk-watchdog
            <*> meshwizard
Utilities  --->
      -*- collectd
      -*- comgt
      -*- libjson-script
      -*- px5g
      -*- rrdtool1
      <*> smstools3
      <*> usb-modeswitch
      <*> usbmuxd
      <*> usbreset
      <*> usbutils

Flash SD Card

Masukan SDCard ke slot di laptop. Lakukan

fdisk /dev/sdb

Ketik

d - delete semua partisi yang ada
w - keluar & write sdcard menjadi kosong tanpa partisi

Lakukan

dd if=openwrt-brcm2708-sdcard-vfat-ext4.img of=/dev/sdb


Reset Password Root

Reset password root dapat dilakukan dengan

  • Sambungkan LAN RaspberryPi ke laptop
  • Pastikan IP laptop DHCP dan dapat dari RaspberryPi
  • telnet ke 192.168.1.1
telnet 192.168.1.1

Keluar

Trying 192.168.1.1...
Connected to 192.168.1.1.
Escape character is '^]'.
 === IMPORTANT ============================
  Use 'passwd' to set your login password
  this will disable telnet and enable SSH
 ------------------------------------------


BusyBox v1.22.1 (2015-01-22 09:29:07 WIB) built-in shell (ash)
Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands.

  _______                     ________        __
 |       |.-----.-----.-----.|  |  |  |.----.|  |_
 |   -   ||  _  |  -__|     ||  |  |  ||   _||   _|
 |_______||   __|_____|__|__||________||__|  |____|
          |__| W I R E L E S S   F R E E D O M
 -----------------------------------------------------
 CHAOS CALMER (Bleeding Edge, r44053)
 -----------------------------------------------------
  * 1 1/2 oz Gin            Shake with a glassful
  * 1/4 oz Triple Sec       of broken ice and pour
  * 3/4 oz Lime Juice       unstrained into a goblet.
  * 1 1/2 oz Orange Juice
  * 1 tsp. Grenadine Syrup
 -----------------------------------------------------
root@OpenWrt:/# passwd
Changing password for root
New password:
Bad password: too weak
Retype password:
Password for root changed by root
root@OpenWrt:/#